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Tour the Land Map

OUR LAND


FROM FLAT LANDS TO ROCKY CLIFFS

Flat plains and farm fields, rolling hills and deep valleys dot the Caledon countryside. As you head north of Mayfield Road you'll first notice the flat agricultural plains with fertile soils known as the Peel Plain. A sudden shift to hilly terrain with breathtaking vistas, rolling hills, and wooded valleys indicates that you are entering the Oak Ridges Moraine. Further north still, the Niagara Escarpment juts out as a rocky ridge hundreds of metres high. Most of this land lies within the Greenbelt, permanently protecting it from urban sprawl and development.

Come explore the fascinating features that have helped shape our land. Railways, ghost towns, trails, parks and more are waiting to be discovered.

Caledon Badlands

Did you know?
Caledon has more than 100 heritage properties designated by the Town under the Ontario Heritage Act. Look for the oval metal plaques that identify these designated properties.


THE IRON HORSE: CALEDON'S RAILWAYS

The arrival of three railways in the 1870s - the Toronto Grey & Bruce, Hamilton & Northwestern and Credit Valley - spurred further settlements at various junctions in Caledon. Communities located along its routes, such as Inglewood, grew rapidly while those that were bypassed, such as Mono Mills, went into decline.

Did you know?
  • The Town of Caledon purchased 35 km of the former Hamilton & Northwestern Railway in 1989 and converted it to the now popular Caledon Trailway, which runs from Terra Cotta to Palgrave.
  • The 1907 Horseshoe Train Wreck occurred along the Toronto Grey & Bruce Railway, killing seven people and injuring 114.
  • You can hop aboard the Credit Valley Explorer to discover this historic railway route with scenic views of the Credit River Gorge, Forks of the Credit Provincial Park and Niagara Escarpment.

Train


GHOST HAMLETS

Heritage Caledon's ghost hamlet road signs commemorate many of the 19th century hamlets that once dotted the Town's rural landscape.Thirteen of these former settlements are now identified by a distinctive blue road sign, which provides the hamlet name, settlement date and a brief historical anecdote.

The program will soon expand to include Blackhorse, Cedar Mills, Claude, Coolihan's Corners, Coulterville, Dark Corners, Glencoe Corners, Macville, Sleswick, and Speersville.


NIAGARA ESCARPMENT

The Niagara Escarpment is recognized as a World Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). It is a ridge of rock, several hundred metres high in some locations, that stretches 725 kilometres from Queenston on the Niagara River to Tobermory at the tip of the Bruce Peninsula.

Did you know?
  • The Escarpment dates back 430 - 450 million years, when the area lay under a shallow warm sea.
  • The Niagara Escarpment is protected by the Niagara Escarpment Plan, one of the first large¬scale ecological land use plans in the world.

Field

OAK RIDGES MORAINE

Extending 160 km from the Niagara Escarpment in the west to the Trent River system in the east, the Oak Ridges Moraine is up to 13 km wide and 150 m deep. In Caledon, it is the headwaters area for the Credit, Humber, Nottawasaga and Holland rivers.

pond

Did you know?
  • The most precious feature of the Moraine lies hidden below the ground surface. Sand and gravel layers hundreds of metres thick act like a rainbarrel, storing, filtering and releasing groundwater that provides drinking water to over 250,000 people, and feeds rivers that flow south to Lake Ontario and north to Lake Simcoe, Lake Scugog, Rice Lake and Georgian Bay.
  • Tiny headwater streams, made of glacial water thousands of years old, bubble out of the ground to deliver clean cold water to the many rivers flowing north and south.
  • The Oak Ridges Moraine is protected by the Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Act and Plan.
SOUTH SLOPE

Known locally as the Peel Plain, but technically as the South Slope physiographic region, these flat lands just south of the Oak Ridges Moraine and Niagara Escarpment boast some of the finest agricultural lands in Caledon for corn, soya beans, apple orchards, hay, and pasture lands. In recent years, pick-your-own operations, market gardens, greenhouses, vineyards and wineries have been established in response to the growing urban market to the south.

Did you know? Parts of the South Slope are located in the Protected Countryside of the Greenbelt, while the remaining agricultural lands lie within the Growth Plan Area for the Greater Golden Horseshoe.
GREENBELT

Ontario's Greenbelt is an area of permanently protected green space, farmland, forests, wetlands, and watersheds. It protects key environmentally sensitive land, including farmland, the Niagara Escarpment, Oak Ridges Moraine and Rouge Park, from urban development and sprawl. Most of Caledon lies within the Greenbelt, which surrounds the province's Golden Horseshoe and is vital to the quality of life in southern Ontario.

Did you know? There are over 1.8 million acres in the Ontario Greenbelt - protecting an area larger than Prince Edward Island.
AGRICULTURE & LOCAL FOOD

Caledon has a rich agricultural heritage. Buy fresh local foods and support Caledon farmers and the environment. See the Grown In Peel map for a list of local farms, orchards and markets. www.growninpeel.ca

Information provided by the Caledon Community Mapping Project, a partnership of the Caledon Environmental Advisory Committee, Heritage Caledon and the Caledon Countryside Alliance.